Statehood Day in Croatia is an official public holiday on 25 June each year. The day is a celebration of Croatia declaring independence in 1991 from Yugoslavia.
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Croatia had been a part of Yugoslavia since the end of World War I, which included a period of fascist rule via Hitler and Mussolini during World War II. Croatia was a socialist republic after the war and had some autonomy but still came under the rule of Yugoslavia.
During the 1960s, there was a push among academics to consolidate the Croatian literary language and to declare it as autonomous. This was one of many reasons Croatia sought their own rule. On 19 May 1991, a referendum was held in Croatia to judge the general feeling towards independence. With a voting population of over 3.5 million, and over 3 million of them voting on the day, the result was that 93 per cent were in favour of independence.
The constitutional decision on sovereignty and independence of the Republic of Croatia was formally declared on 25 June 1991 by the Croatian Parliament, but the Brioni Agreement meant that there was a three-month delay in independence coming into force. Croatia Independence Day is therefore a separate commemoration held on 8 October that has been officially recognised since 2002.